Starting with C major we can use the aforementioned techniques to identify all of the scales that have sharps or flats.
The sharp keys are G, D, A, E, B, F sharp, and C sharp
The flat keys are: F, Bflat, E flat, A flat, D flat, G flat, and C flat.
Serious music students are encouraged to practice scales on a daily basis. You will be surprised how quickly your ear will enable you to recognize a key, and this will aid you in learning new music by your favorite artist.
It's important to be able to recognize key signatures and know what keynote and scale is being used in a piece of music. Student are encouraged to print the Key Signature page and keep it handy. In time you will recognize the key signatures without this cheat sheet.
The minor scale is the same as the Aeolian scale. However, minor scales have variations. A minor scale with no variations is the natural minor. The two variations are called the harmonic and the melodic minor. Below is the A minor scale in its three variations. In the natural minor scale there are half steps between the second and third notes and between the fifth and sixth notes. In the harmonic minor scale there are half steps between the second and third notes, between the fifth and sixth notes, and between the seventh and eigth notes. In the ASCENDING melodic minor scale there are half steps between the second and third notes and between the seventh and eigth notes. The DESCENDING melodic scale is the same as the natural minor scale.
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