Chapter Five

Chords

Since practice makes perfect, determine whether the following triads are in the root, first inversion, or second inversion.

PRACTICE

If your answer are first inversion, root, and second inversion, then you have this down and it's time to progress.

The triads we have looked at so far have had there notes as close to togeather as possible, and thus is called close spacing. However you can also create triads using open spacing. The following examples uses C as the root and it shows closed spacing followed by open spacing.

CLOSED & OPEN SPACING

A couple general guidelines apply to spacing. First, it is wise not to have an interval greater than an octave for the two upper notes. Second, do not use open spacing below the following C note, because the sound is not overly pleasing. You should experiment with different spacing to find out what sounds best to you.

LOW C

Doubling of Chord Tones: A triad consists of three degrees. However, chords can obviously contain more than three degrees. The following shows the root and the third doubled with C as the root. Both chords shown are triads because they contain three degrees (C, E, and G).

DOUBLING ON C ROOT

Doubling Midi File

Triads are typically major or minor triads, because they contain a perfect fifth. However, there are also diminished triads and augmented triads. A diminished triad has a minor third and a diminished fifth. An augmented triad has a major third and an augmented fifth. The following gif shows an example of a diminished triad and an augmented triad with C as the root.

DIMINISHED & AUGMENTED

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